Modeling the Resilient Modulus Variation of in Situ Soils due to Seasonal Moisture Content Variations

Kevin Gaspard, Zhongjie Zhang, Gavin Gautreau, Khalil Hanifa, Claudia Zapata, Murad Abufarsakh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


LTRC is conducting a research project to determine the seasonal variation of subgrade resilient modulus (M R ) in an effort to implement PavementME. One objective of that project, which is presented in this paper, was to locally calibrate the Enhanced Integrated Climate Model's (EICM F env ) curve for seasonal subgrade M R changes. Shelby tube sampling was conducted on six different roadways to a depth of approximately 7.92 m beneath the shoulder pavement's base course. The AASHTO T-99 M R test method was used on all samples with an additional eight specimens being tested with NCHRP 1-28A M R test method. Four soils from Louisiana which were not from the six roadways were also tested and included in the analyses. Once the M R tests were completed and plotted, it was noticed that there was a rather large scatter (R 2 = -0.266) around the EICM F env curve. The authors hypothesized that this occurred due to the density differences between in situ and remolded specimens. Further analyses confirmed this hypothesis. LTRC developed a new method based on the EICM F env method to determine the relationship between changes in subgrade M R as a function of changes in moisture content with the in situ moisture content and M R used as the control. This method differs from the EICM F env in that the EICM F env uses optimum moisture content as the controlling parameter. The LTRC method can be used for design purposes as well as level 2 inputs into the EICM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1793601
JournalAdvances in Civil Engineering
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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