Modeling surface spin polarization on ceria-supported Pt nanoparticles

Byungkyun Kang, Joshua L. Vincent, Yongbin Lee, Liqin Ke, Peter A. Crozier, Qiang Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this work, we employ density functional theory simulations to investigate possible spin polarization of CeO2-(111) surface and its impact on the interactions between a ceria support and Pt nanoparticles. With a Gaussian type orbital basis, our simulations suggest that the CeO2-(111) surface exhibits a robust surface spin polarization due to the internal charge transfer between atomic Ce and O layers. In turn, it can lower the surface oxygen vacancy formation energy and enhance the oxide reducibility. We show that the inclusion of spin polarization can significantly reduce the major activation barrier in the proposed reaction pathway of CO oxidation on ceria-supported Pt nanoparticles. For metal-support interactions, surface spin polarization enhances the bonding between Pt nanoparticles and ceria surface oxygen, while CO adsorption on Pt nanoparticles weakens the interfacial interaction regardless of spin polarization. However, the stable surface spin polarization can only be found in the simulations based on the Gaussian type orbital basis. Given the potential importance in the design of future high-performance catalysts, our present study suggests a pressing need to examine the surface ferromagnetism of transition metal oxides in both experiment and theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number255002
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jun 23 2022


  • first-principles calculation
  • spin polarization
  • surfaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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