Modeling of mmW and THz Imaging Systems Using Conjugate Field Coupling

Panagiotis C. Theofanopoulos, Georgios Trichopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We propose a novel technique for efficient and robust modeling of multistatic, multidimensional, large-format millimeter-wave/terahertz imaging systems. The proposed method significantly reduces the necessary computational resources for the design of electrically large systems of multiple sensors that acquire multifrequency images, such as imaging radars used in three-dimensional mapping. To alleviate the problem, the radiated and scattered fields are individually computed for the sensor and the target, respectively, using full-wave numerical solvers. Afterward, the fields are properly combined using conjugate field coupling, thus minimizing the necessary computational resources, without compromising solution accuracy. In this letter, the theoretical background of the technique is presented, along with numerical results for beam steering and raster scanning imaging systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8168378
Pages (from-to)213-216
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018


  • Conjugate field coupling
  • imaging
  • millimeter-wave
  • terahertz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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