Modeling dissolved ozone and bromate ion formation in ozone contactors

Mohamed Siddiqui, Gary Amy, Kenan Ozekin, Paul Westerhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Many drinking water utilities that use source waters with significant bromide ion levels are currently seeking disinfection regimes that will minimize the formation of brominated disinfection byproducts while providing adequate disinfection. While ozonation appears to be a promising option for achieving these goals, the uncertainty of future drinking water regulations has developed a need for predicting actual disinfection byproduct formation prior to the costly investment for upgrading existing treatment facilities. The models developed in this paper provide comparisons of ozonation application methods, providing a basis for minimizing bromate and aiding in future design considerations. Theoretical and empirical models for the determination of ozone transferred, dissolved ozone concentrations, and bromate formation have been derived and compared with pilot-scale and full- scale data; a good agreement has been observed between the actual data and the predicted data, showing the validity of these models. True-batch bromate formation more closely simulated pilot-scale and full-scale data. Bromate formation in one stage vs two stage ozone contactors and different reactor configurations have been compared. Ozone gas phase concentration appears to have an effect on bromate formation as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution


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