Modeling and risk analysis of bromate formation from ozonation of bromide-containing waters

Rengao Song, Roger Minear, Paul Westerhoff, Gary Amy

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Empirical bromate formation models were developed from batch ozonation data to simulate the effects of important water quality characteristics and treatment processes on bromate formation Bromate formation was favored at high pH, bromide concentration, alkalinity, and ozone dose. On the other hand, increasing DOC and ammonia concentration decreased bromate formation. Validation of the bromate models demonstrated that the models accurately simulated bromate formation. Risk analysis of bromate formation was performed on 5 utilities in which ozone was used, and it was concluded that under typical ozonation conditions, the associated risk related to bromate formation could be as high as 10-3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number7-8 -8 pt 4
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 18th Biennial Conference of the International Association on Water Quality. Part 4 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Jun 23 1996Jun 28 1996


  • Bromate formalim
  • Bromide
  • Modeling carcinogenicity
  • Ozonation
  • Risk analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


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