Model for early-age rate of evaporation of cement-based materials

M. Bakhshi, Barzin Mobasher, M. Zenouzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Early-age cracking affects the structural integrity of concrete structures and, if not inhibited, would lead to a reduction in service life. Plastic cracks are observed in the first few hours after placing the concrete, a time period well within the initial stages when the drying process is controlled by the rate of evaporation of concrete surfaces, which is roughly constant and similar to the rate of evaporation from water surfaces. In the absence of a theoretical method, this rate is commonly estimated using a nomograph based on Dalton's law. In this paper, a fluid mechanicsebased approach for water evaporation based on the boundary-layer theory, mass transfer, diffusion, and convection is described. A parametric study is conducted on the effect of boundary-layer temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and evaporation characteristic length on the calculated evaporation rates. Predicted evaporation rates are verified by recent experiments. Results show that given appropriate environmental parameters, evaporation rates can be predicted with a good degree of accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1372-1380
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2012


  • Boundary layer
  • Cement-based materials
  • Convection
  • Diffusivity
  • Evaporation
  • Mass transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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