Mixed-Status Families and WIC Uptake: The Effects of Risk of Deportation on Program Use*

Edward D. Vargas, Maureen A. Pirog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Objective: Develop and test measures of risk of deportation and mixed-status families on women, infants, and children (WIC) uptake. Mixed-status is a situation in which some family members are U.S. citizens and other family members are in the United States without proper authorization. Methods: Estimate a series of logistic regressions to estimate WIC uptake by merging data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Survey with deportation data from U.S. Immigration Customs and Enforcement. Results: The findings of this study suggest that risk of deportation is negatively associated with WIC uptake and among mixed-status families; Mexican-origin families are the most sensitive when it comes to deportations and program use. Conclusion: Our analysis provides a typology and framework to study mixed-status families and evaluate their usage of social services by including an innovative measure of risk of deportation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-572
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Science Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Mixed-Status Families and WIC Uptake: The Effects of Risk of Deportation on Program Use*'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this