Missing voices: War attitudes among military service- connected civilians

James S. Krueger, Francisco I. Pedraza

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Public opinion studies on war attitudes say little about civilians who are related to military service members. The authors argue that military "service-connected" individuals are missing voices in the research that examines public support for war. Using over 50,000 observations from the 2010 Cooperative Congressional Election Study, the authors estimate attitudes toward the war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan, and the use of US military troops in general. The authors find that service-connected civilians express greater support for war and the use of troops than civilians without such a connection. This study discusses the implications of these findings for theoretical advancements in the literature addressing war attitudes and the conceptualization of the "civil-military gap.".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-412
Number of pages22
JournalArmed Forces and Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Civil-military gap
  • Public opinion
  • War attitudes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Safety Research


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