MIMO wireless communication channel phenomenology

Daniel W. Bliss, Amanda M. Chan, Nicholas B. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Wireless communication using multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems enables increased spectral efficiency and link reliability for a given total transmit power. Increased capacity is achieved by introducing additional spatial channels which are exploited using space-time coding. The spatial diversity improves the link reliability by reducing the adverse effects of link fading and shadowing. The choice of coding and the resulting performance improvement are dependent upon the channel phenomenology. In this paper, experimental channel-probing estimates are reported for outdoor environments near the personal communication services frequency allocation (1790 MHz). A simple channel parameterization is introduced. Channel distance metrics are introduced. Because the bandwidth of the channel-probing signal (1.3 MHz) is sufficient to resolve some delays in outdoor environments, frequency-selective fading is also investigated. Channel complexity and channel stationarity are investigated. Complexity is associated with channel-matrix singular value distributions. Stationarity is associated with the stability of channel singular value and singular vector structure over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2073-2082
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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