Mimicking the role of the antenna in photosynthetic photoprotection

Yuichi Terazono, Gerdenis Kodis, Kul Bhushan, Julia Zaks, Christopher Madden, Ana Moore, Thomas Moore, Graham R. Fleming, Devens Gust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


One mechanism used by plants to protect against damage from excess sunlight is called nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ). Triggered by low pH in the thylakoid lumen, NPQ leads to conversion of excess excitation energy in the antenna system to heat before it can initiate production of harmful chemical species by photosynthetic reaction centers. Here we report a synthetic hexad molecule that functionally mimics the role of the antenna in NPQ. When the hexad is dissolved in an organic solvent, five zinc porphyrin antenna moieties absorb light, exchange excitation energy, and ultimately decay by normal photophysical processes. Their excited-state lifetimes are long enough to permit harvesting of the excitation energy for photoinduced charge separation or other work. However, when acid is added, a pH-sensitive dye moiety is converted to a form that rapidly quenches the first excited singlet states of all five porphyrins, converting the excitation energy to heat and rendering the porphyrins kinetically incompetent to readily perform useful photochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2916-2922
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 9 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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