Millimeter Wave MIMO-Based Depth Maps for Wireless Virtual and Augmented Reality

Abdelrahman Taha, Qi Qu, Sam Alex, Ping Wang, William L. Abbott, Ahmed Alkhateeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Augmented and virtual reality systems (AR/VR) are rapidly becoming key components of the wireless landscape. For immersive AR/VR experience, these devices should be able to construct accurate depth perception of the surrounding environment. Current AR/VR devices rely heavily on using RGB-D depth cameras to achieve this goal. The performance of these depth cameras, however, has clear limitations in several scenarios, such as the cases with shiny objects, dark surfaces, and abrupt color transition among other limitations. In this paper, we propose a novel solution for AR/VR depth map construction using mmWave MIMO communication transceivers. This is motivated by the deployment of advanced mmWave communication systems in future AR/VR devices for meeting the high data rate demands and by the interesting propagation characteristics of mmWave signals. Accounting for the constraints on these systems, we develop a comprehensive framework for constructing accurate and high-resolution depth maps using mmWave systems. In this framework, we developed new sensing beamforming codebook approaches that are specific for the depth map construction objective. Using these codebooks, and leveraging tools from successive interference cancellation, we develop a joint beam processing approach that can construct high-resolution depth maps using practical mmWave antenna arrays. Extensive simulation results highlight the potential of the proposed solution in building accurate depth maps. Further, these simulations show the promising gains of mmWave based depth perception compared to RGB-based approaches in several important use cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9382300
Pages (from-to)48341-48363
Number of pages23
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • Beamforming codebooks
  • depth maps
  • millimeter wave
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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