A microscopic theory for the interaction between semiconductor quantum-well structures and laser fields based on the semiconductor Bloch equations is applied to vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with the inclusion of plasma heating. The semiconductor Bloch equations are reduced to a set of equations for the first and second moments of the carrier distribution functions. Plasma heating and many-body effects are then studied by solving this set of equations in steady state under the approximation of a single transverse and longitudinal mode. The transverse- and longitudinal-mode dynamics of VCSELs is analyzed by solving the full space-time-dependent problem.
- Bloch equations
- Mode dynamics
- Plasma heating
- Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics