Metabolic and hemodynamic responses to concurrent voluntary arm crank and electrical stimulation leg cycle exercise in quadriplegics

S. P. Hooker, S. F. Figoni, M. M. Rodgers, R. M. Glaser, T. Mathews, A. G. Suryaprasad, S. C. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


This study determined the metabolic and hemodynamic responses in eight spinal cord injured (SCI) quadriplegics (C5-C8/T1) performing subpeak arm crank exercise (ACE) alone, subpeak functional electrical stimulation leg cycle exercise (FES-LCE) alone, and subpeak FES-LCE concurrent with subpeak ACE (hybrid exercise). Subjects completed 10 minutes of each exercise mode during which steady-state oxygen uptake (VO2), pulmonary ventilation (VE), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), mean arterial pressure (MAP), arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-v̄ O2 diff), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) were determined. Although mean VO2 for both ACE alone and FES-LCE alone was matched at 0.66 l/min, individualized power outputs ranged from 0-30 W (x̄ = 19.4±1.3) and 0-12.2 W (x̄ = 2.3±0.6), respectively. Hybrid exercise elicited significantly higher VO2 (by 54 percent), VE (by 39-53 percent), HR (by 19-33 percent), and CO (by 33-47 percent), and significantly lower TPR (by 21-34 percent) than ACE or FES-LCE performed alone (P≤0.05). Stroke volume was similar between hybrid exercise and FES-LCE alone, and these two exercise modes evoked a significantly higher SV (by 41-56 percent) than during ACE alone. These data clearly demonstrate that hybrid exercise creates a higher aerobic metabolic demand and cardiac-volume load in SCI quadriplegics than either subpeak levels of ACE or FES-LCE performed separately. Therefore, hybrid exercise may provide more advantageous central cardiovascular training effects in quadriplegics than either ACE or FES-LCE alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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