Medical Reasoning and Thinking

Vimla L. Patel, Jose F. Arocha, Jiajie Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Scopus citations


The practice of medicine requires art as well as science. The latter argues for a deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying disease processes and use of scientific evidence in making patient care decisions. The study of medical reasoning and thinking underlies much of medical cognition and has been the focus of research in cognitive science and artificial intelligence in medicine. Expertise and medical knowledge organization, the directionality of reasoning, and the nature of medical errors are intricately tied to thinking and decision-making processes in medicine. With the recent advancement of technology in medicine, technology-mediated reasoning and reasoning support systems will be a focus for future research. This chapter discusses these issues within historical and current research perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199968718
ISBN (Print)9780199734689
StatePublished - Nov 21 2012


  • Directionality of reasoning
  • Expertise
  • Knowledge organization
  • Medical error
  • Medical reasoning
  • Technology-mediated thinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Medical Reasoning and Thinking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this