Medial axis transform and offset curves by Minkowski Pythagorean hodograph curves

Hyeong In Choi, Chang Yong Han, Hwan Pyo Moon, Kyeong Hah Roh, Nam Sook Wee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


We present a new approach to medial axis transform and offset curve computation. Our algorithm is based on the domain decomposition scheme which reduces a complicated domain into a union of simple subdomains each of which is very easy to handle. This domain decomposition approach gives rise to the decomposition of the corresponding medial axis transform which is regarded as a geometric graph in the three dimensional Minkowski space R2,1. Each simple piece of the domain, called the fundamental domain, corresponds to a space-like curve in R2,1. Then using the new spline, called the Minkowski Pythagorean hodograph curve which was recently introduced, we approximate within the desired degree of accuracy the curve part of the medial axis transform with a G1 cubic spline of Minkowski Pythagorean hodograph. This curve has the property of enabling us to write all offset curves as rational curves. Further, this Minkowski Pythagorean hodograph curve representation together with the domain decomposition lemma makes the trimming process essentially trivial. We give a simple procedure to obtain the trimmed offset curves in terms of the radius function of the MPH curve representing the medial axis transform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-72
Number of pages14
JournalCAD Computer Aided Design
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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