Mechanical behaviors of Kevlar 49 fabric subjected to uniaxial, biaxial tension and in-plane large shear deformation

Deju Zhu, Barzin Mobasher, Aditya Vaidya, Subramaniam Rajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Woven fabrics are used in many applications, including ballistic armors, propulsion engine containment systems and fabric reinforced composites. In order to facilitate the design and improvement of such applications, this paper investigates the stress-strain response in warp and fill directions, the apparent Poisson's ratio, and the in-plane shear response of Kevlar 49 fabric including the possible effects of specimen size and pre-loading on the mechanical responses of the fabric. Full-field image analysis of the fabric under shear deformation is used to better understand the mechanisms related to in-plane shear. The experimental results show that the fabric exhibits non-linear and orthogonal behavior in tension, and can deform up to 20% before complete failure. It has identical Young's modulus (pre-peak elastic stiffness) in warp and fill directions, but has different crimp strain, tensile strength and ultimate strain. The apparent Poisson's ratio is a nonlinear function of strain and dependent upon the levels of pre-loading. It increases with strain quickly at the beginning and decreases gradually until the fabric fails. The shear response is highly nonlinear and has four distinct regions: linear elastic rotation region, dissipative rotation region, yarn compression region and shear locking region, and it is not dependent upon specimen size after normalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Science and Technology
StatePublished - Jan 24 2013


  • A. Fabrics/textiles
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • B. Stress/strain curves
  • C. Deformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Engineering


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