Measuring gender composition in work groups: A comparison of existing methods

Helen M. Williams, Lindsey Mean

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Reviewing research on diversity and relational demography in teams and work groups, the authors compare different ways of measuring gender composition and demonstrate that existing practice can be theoretically biased. The authors conclude that within group-level analyses, the proportion of women should be used; whereas within individual-level analyses, the appropriate approach depends on whether a gender-by-gender composition interaction effect is found. The generalizability of this approach to other types of diversity is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-474
Number of pages19
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2004


  • Composition
  • Dissimilarity
  • Diversity
  • Gender
  • Relational demography
  • Team
  • Trait
  • Workgroup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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