Le paludisme chez les hominidés

Translated title of the contribution: Malaria in hominids

Georges Snounou, Ananias Escalante, John Kasenene, Laurent Rénia, Anne Charlotte Grüner, Sabrina Krief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp) that infect great apes are very poorly documented. Malaria was first described in gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans in the early 20th century, but most studies were confined to a handful of chimpanzees in the 1930-1950s and a few orangutans in the 1970s. The three Plasmodium species described in African great apes were very similar to those infecting humans. The most extensively studied was P. reichenowi, because of its close phylogenetic relation to P. falciparum, the predominant parasite in Africa and the most dangerous for humans. In the last three years, independent molecular studies of various chimpanzee and gorilla populations have revealed an unexpected diversity in the Plasmodium species they harbor, which are also phylogenetically close to P. falciparum. In addition, cases of non human primate infection by human malaria parasites have been observed. These observations shed fresh light on the origin and evolutionary history of P. falciparum and provide a unique opportunity to probe the biological specificities of this major human parasite.

Translated title of the contributionMalaria in hominids
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)1945-1954
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin de l'Academie Nationale de Medecine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Ape disease
  • Hominidae
  • Pan paniscus
  • Parasitology
  • Plasmodium
  • Pongo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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