Malaria epidemics in India: Role of climatic condition and control measures

Mahdi Baghbanzadeh, Dewesh Kumar, Sare I. Yavasoglu, Sydney Manning, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Ifthekar Sikder, Dilip Kumar, Nisha Murmu, Ubydul Haque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Malaria is a major public health problem in India, which is the second most populous country in the world. This study aimed to investigate the impact of climatic parameters and malaria control efforts implemented by the Indian national malaria control program on malaria epidemics between January of 2009 and December of 2015. A chi-squared test was used to study the correlation of all implemented control methods with occurrence of epidemics within 30, 45, 60 and 90 days and in the same district, 50, 100 and 200 km distance radiuses. The effect of each control method on probability of epidemics was also measured, and the effects of district population, season, and incidence of malaria parasite types were evaluated using logistic regression models. Fever survey was found to be effective for decreasing the odds of epidemics within 45, 60 and 90 days in 100 km. Anti-larval activity was also effective within 30, 45 and 60 days in 200 km. Winter had negative effects on odds ratio while summer and fall were more likely to trigger epidemics. These results contribute to understanding the role of climate variability and control efforts performed in India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136368
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - Apr 10 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Epidemics
  • Outbreak
  • Public health
  • Seasonal influence
  • Vector-borne disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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