Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical ai and autonomous systems

Alan F. Winfield, Katina Michael, Jeremy Pitt, Vanessa Evers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


The so-called fourth industrial revolution and its economic and societal implications are no longer solely an academic concern, but a matter for political as well as public debate. Characterized as the convergence of robotics, AI, autonomous systems and information technology - or cyberphysical systems - the fourth industrial revolution was the focus of the World Economic Forum, at Davos, in 2016 [1]. Also in 2016 the US White House initiated a series of public workshops on artificial intelligence (AI) and the creation of an interagency working group, and the European Parliament Committee for Legal Affairs published a draft report with recommendations to the Commission on Civil Law Rules on Robotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8662743
Pages (from-to)509-517
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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