## Abstract

In this paper, we present a new method for estimating the L2 -gain of systems governed by 2nd order linear Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) in two spatial variables, using semidefinite programming. It has previously been shown that, for any such PDE, an equivalent Partial Integral Equation (PIE) can be derived. These PIEs are expressed in terms of Partial Integral (PI) operators mapping states in L2[Ω], and are free of the boundary and continuity constraints appearing in PDEs. In this paper, we extend the 2D PIE representation to include input and output signals in ℝn, deriving a bijective map between solutions of the PDE and the PIE, along with the necessary formulae to convert between the two representations. Next, using the algebraic properties of PI operators, we prove that an upper bound on the L2-gain of PIEs can be verified by testing feasibility of a Linear PI Inequality (LPI), defined by a positivity constraint on a PI operator mapping ℝn × L2[Ω]. Finally, we use positive matrices to parameterize a cone of positive PI operators on ℝn × L2[Ω], allowing feasibility of the L2-gain LPI to be tested using semidefinite programming. We implement this test in the MATLAB toolbox PIETOOLS, and demonstrate that this approach allows an upper bound on the L2-gain of PDEs to be estimated with little conservatism.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | 2022 IEEE 61st Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022 |

Publisher | Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. |

Pages | 6097-6104 |

Number of pages | 8 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781665467612 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2022 |

Event | 61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022 - Cancun, Mexico Duration: Dec 6 2022 → Dec 9 2022 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control |
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Volume | 2022-December |

ISSN (Print) | 0743-1546 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 2576-2370 |

### Conference

Conference | 61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022 |
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Country/Territory | Mexico |

City | Cancun |

Period | 12/6/22 → 12/9/22 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Control and Systems Engineering
- Modeling and Simulation
- Control and Optimization

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