L2-Gain Analysis of Coupled Linear 2D PDEs using Linear PI Inequalities

Declan S. Jagt, Matthew M. Peet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this paper, we present a new method for estimating the L2 -gain of systems governed by 2nd order linear Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) in two spatial variables, using semidefinite programming. It has previously been shown that, for any such PDE, an equivalent Partial Integral Equation (PIE) can be derived. These PIEs are expressed in terms of Partial Integral (PI) operators mapping states in L2[Ω], and are free of the boundary and continuity constraints appearing in PDEs. In this paper, we extend the 2D PIE representation to include input and output signals in ℝn, deriving a bijective map between solutions of the PDE and the PIE, along with the necessary formulae to convert between the two representations. Next, using the algebraic properties of PI operators, we prove that an upper bound on the L2-gain of PIEs can be verified by testing feasibility of a Linear PI Inequality (LPI), defined by a positivity constraint on a PI operator mapping ℝn × L2[Ω]. Finally, we use positive matrices to parameterize a cone of positive PI operators on ℝn × L2[Ω], allowing feasibility of the L2-gain LPI to be tested using semidefinite programming. We implement this test in the MATLAB toolbox PIETOOLS, and demonstrate that this approach allows an upper bound on the L2-gain of PDEs to be estimated with little conservatism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 IEEE 61st Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665467612
StatePublished - 2022
Event61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022 - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: Dec 6 2022Dec 9 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
ISSN (Print)0743-1546
ISSN (Electronic)2576-2370


Conference61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Control and Optimization


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