Low cost photovoltaic roof tile

S. R. Wenham, S. Bowden, M. Dickinson, R. Largent, N. Shaw, C. B. Honsberg, M. A. Green, P. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Static concentrator designs that achieve concentration ratios approaching the theoretical limit have been developed and demonstrated. Concentration ratios in excess of 4:1 have been predicted although this reduces to 3.6:1 for the practical design used for photovoltaic roof tile applications. A new encapsulant based on "solid white oil" has been evaluated for use in the optical cavity, exhibiting excellent optical properties while simultaneously being low cost. Prototype roof tile efficiencies of approximately 15% (not independently confirmed) are well below the expected 17-18%, due primarily to optical losses associated with the rear reflector and poor rear surface performance for the Photovoltaic devices. Good progress has been made recently with regard to the latter, although further work is required to accommodate solar grade substrates with much shorter diffusion lengths, for the bi-facial cells in this application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-337
Number of pages13
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Concentrater
  • Devices
  • Encapsulation
  • Si

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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