Low-coordinated Ni-N1-C3 sites atomically dispersed on hollow carbon nanotubes for efficient CO2 reduction

Fangqi Yang, Haoming Yu, Yun Su, Jingwen Chen, Shixia Chen, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng, Jun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Low-coordinated single atom catalysts compared to M-N4 are appealing in optimized electronic structure for CO2 electro-reduction, but the preparation is still very challenging. Herein, a novel single Ni atom catalyst with Ni-N1-C3 configuration is in-situ evolved on curved carbon nanotubes. The obtained Ni-N1-C3 catalyst exhibits a superior CO Faradaic efficiency of 97% and turnover frequency of 2,890 h−1 at −0.9 V versus the reversible hydrogen electrode, as well as long-term stability over 45 h. High current densities exceeding 200 mA·cm−2 and CO Faradaic efficiency of 99% are achieved in flow-cell. Moreover, in-situ potential-and time-dependent Raman spectra identify the key intermediates of *COOH and *CO during CO2-to-CO conversion. Theoretical calculations reveal that the upward-shifted d-band center and charge-rich Ni sites of Ni-N1-C3 facilitate the electron transfer to *COOH and thus reduce the *COOH formation energy barrier. This work demonstrates a strategy for modulating the coordination environment for efficient CO2 reduction. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
JournalNano Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • CO reduction reaction
  • DFT calculations
  • in-situ Raman spectra
  • low-coordination
  • single atom catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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