Longitudinal Changes in Empathy Across the Life Span in Six Samples of Human Development

Jeewon Oh, William J. Chopik, Sara Konrath, Kevin J. Grimm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The development of empathy is a hotly debated topic. Some studies find declines and others an inverse U-shaped pattern in empathy across the life span. Yet other studies find no age-related changes. Most of this research is cross sectional, and the few longitudinal studies have their limitations. The current study addresses these limitations by examining changes in empathy in six longitudinal samples (total N = 740, age 13–72). In a preliminary study (N = 784), we created and validated a measure of empathy out of the California Adult Q-Sort. The samples were combined for multilevel analyses in a variant of an accelerated longitudinal design. We found that empathy increased across the life span, particularly after age 40, and more recent cohorts were higher in empathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-253
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • empathy
  • life span development
  • personality
  • Q-Sorts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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