Locally enhanced reduced order modeling for the nonlinear geometric response of structures with defects

X. Q. Wang, Gregory P. Phlipot, Ricardo A. Perez, Marc Mignolet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper focuses on the reduced order modeling (ROM) of structures with local defects undergoing large deformations, i.e., within the nonlinear geometric range. At the contrary of prior investigations, it is desired here to construct such ROMs by enhancing the nonlinear reduced order model of the corresponding virgin structure, i.e., the one without the defect, not by carrying out a separate modeling effort. To this end, the first objective is on the formulation of local enrichments of the displacements basis functions that complement those of the virgin structure to accurately capture not only the displacements but also the stresses of the structure with defect. It is proposed that such enrichment functions can be constructed from the linear static analysis of the zone affected by the defect subjected to an imposed far field displacement derived from the virgin structure basis functions. The second objective of this investigation is on assessing which parameters of the reduced order model would need to be updated if the defect, and thus the enrichments, were to change. Validation results on the finite element model of a beam-like panel with a notch do confirm the appropriateness of the basis enrichments and, moreover, suggest that only the linear stiffness and stress coefficients relating to the enrichments would need to be updated if the defect changes, which represents a significant computational benefit. The implementation of the above process with a localized numerical model of the defect, e.g., using generalized finite element (GFEM), is briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics
StatePublished - May 2018


  • Crack
  • Local defect
  • Nonlinear geometric
  • Notch
  • Reduced order modeling
  • Structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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