Linkages among biodiversity, livelihood, and tourism

Gyan Nyaupane, Surya Poudel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    240 Scopus citations


    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among biodiversity conservation, livelihood improvements, and tourism development using the appreciative inquiry approach as a research tool. The research was conducted in three different buffer-zone communities representing different levels of tourism development around Chitwan National Park, Nepal. The results indicate that tourism helps change local people's attitudes toward the conservation of biodiversity and reduce people's dependence on natural resources. Tourism, particularly small-scale and locally owned ecotourism ventures, is also identified as a tool to enhance the livelihoods of people around protected areas. The linkages, however, vary with the level of tourism development. This study also developed a framework to help understand these linkages.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1344-1366
    Number of pages23
    JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Oct 2011


    • Appreciative inquiry
    • Chitwan National Park
    • Conservation
    • Nature-based
    • Pro-poor
    • Protected areas

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Development
    • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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