Life cycle assessment-based selection for a sustainable lightweight body-in-white design

Ahmad T. Mayyas, Ala Qattawi, Abdel Raouf Mayyas, Mohammed A. Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Scopus citations


Nowadays life cycle tools namely; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC), and Life Cycle Optimization (LCO) are being used to assess new vehicular structures from sustainability and design for the environment perspectives. This manuscript implements a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) based design approach to assess the performance of vehicular Body-In-White's (BIW) through its complete life cycle. The proposed LCA model will aid in the early design stages (i.e. conceptual design stage) serving as an eco-design decision-making support tool. This study provides a complete life cycle assessment covering the extraction and the processing of virgin materials, the manufacturing, the use and maintenance stage, the end-of-life stage, in addition to the fuel extraction and production stages. Traditional LCA studies do not usually consider the latter stages which accounts for a significant portion of the energy consumed and the generated CO2 emissions. This study results show that the material selection for vehicular applications is a sensitive process not only to the vehicle lifetime (as expressed in traveled miles), but also to the environmental burdens from the extraction stage and recyclability efforts. Additionally, the proposed study shows the effect of the different materials choices on the vehicle structure functionality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-425
Number of pages14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Design for sustainability (DFS)
  • Environment
  • Life cycle assessment LCA
  • Material selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation


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