Leading in the 1990s: The Four I's of Transformational Leadership

Bruce J. Avolio, David A. Waldman, Francis J. Yammarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

230 Scopus citations


How can leaders develop workforces that not only respond well to change but also promote change in order to stay competitive?.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of European Industrial Training
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Development
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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