Latent analysis of Complete Streets and traffic safety along an urban corridor

Kara E. MacLeod, Rebecca L. Sanders, Ashleigh Griffin, Jill F. Cooper, David R. Ragland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: To evaluate Complete Street implementations that covary, the present paper aims to: 1) explore the development of typologies of intersections; and 2) examine how these typologies relate to traffic safety. Methods: The study site is a five-mile segment in Los Angeles County, California. Multiple indicators of environmental features were collected in 2012 and were included in a latent analysis. Latent classes were then analyzed as a predictor of the number of pedestrian injuries/fatalities and injuries/fatalities for all modes in separate models using negative binomial regression and controlling for exposures. Injuries/fatalities for a 6-year period were used (2009-2014), representing the most recent crash data available surrounding the environmental data collection time point. We also examined the role of alcohol. Results: For a relatively short segment of an urban corridor, we identified two distinct classes of intersections. One class was more complete with respect to pedestrian features but was also associated with indicators of increased potential conflict and was predictive of higher overall injuries/fatalities for all modes. This class also had higher pedestrian volumes but was not predictive of higher pedestrian injuries/fatalities in the final models. The alcohol involvement in crash injuries at these locations did not differ by intersection class but was positively associated with injuries/fatalities for all modes and with severe/fatal injuries for pedestrians in the final models. Conclusions: Typologies can be used to understand the combination of features and to prioritize locations for treatment. While Complete Streets may help counter pedestrian injury trends, the efforts captured in this data are insufficient for municipalities aiming for Vision Zero. Ideally, future research can examine these intersections after the implementation of additional improvements in order to isolate treatment effects. These findings suggest additional intersection countermeasures are needed, in addition to efforts to address social problems such as alcohol use and traffic safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-29
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Transport and Health
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Complete Streets
  • Vision Zero
  • pedestrian safety
  • traffic safety
  • typologies
  • vehicle conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Transportation
  • Pollution
  • Safety Research
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Latent analysis of Complete Streets and traffic safety along an urban corridor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this