Knowledge, bargaining power, and the instability of international joint ventures

Andrew C. Inkpen, Paul W. Beamish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1051 Scopus citations


Although the high rate of instability of international joint ventures (IJVs) has been well documented, the underlying reasons for the instability need clarification. In this article, we develop a theoretical framework for instability of IJVs grounded in a bargaining power and dependence perspective. Instability is defined as a major change in partner relationship status that is unplanned and premature from one or both partners' perspectives. The core argument is that the instability of IJVs is associated with shifts in partner bargaining power. Shifts in the balance of bargaining power occur when partners of an IJV acquire sufficient knowledge and skills to eliminate a partner dependency and make the IJV bargain obsolete. Our primary focus is on the acquisition of local knowledge by the foreign partner and the impact that this acquisition of knowledge has on the stability of the IJV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-202
Number of pages26
JournalAcademy of Management Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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