Isothermal Stimulation of Mineral Dissolution Processes by Acoustic Perturbation

Zongsu Wei, Yi Hsuan Hsiao, Xin Chen, Erika Callagon La Plante, Iman Mehdipour, Dante Simonetti, Narayanan Neithalath, Laurent Pilon, Mathieu Bauchy, Jacob Israelachvili, Gaurav Sant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


On the basis of systematic experimental interrogation of the aqueous dissolution behavior of a large selection of minerals, whose dissolution rates vary by several orders of magnitude, this study demonstrates that acoustic perturbation yields an unprecedented enhancement in dissolution kinetics, which scales with the mineral's hardness and average bond energy. The dissolution enhancement produced is described by an Arrhenius-like formulation that reveals the energy imparted to the solute's surficial atoms by sonication. From an energy landscape perspective, it is highlighted that sonication perturbs surficial solute atoms from their equilibrium positions. As a result, upon contact with a solvent, sonicated atoms need a smaller amount of energy for dissolution to occur by bond rupture. Therefore, the activation energy of dissolution under sonication is consistently smaller than that under sonication-free conditions. Altogether, this study suggests that the enhancement in mineral dissolution over the course of acoustic perturbation under macroscopically isothermal conditions results from the excitation of the surficial atoms and is negligibly associated with temperature rise or surface area amplification as has been previously suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28665-28673
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number50
StatePublished - Dec 20 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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