Invariant Extended Kalman Filtering for Human Motion Estimation with Imperfect Sensor Placement

Zenan Zhu, Seyed Mostafa Rezayat Sorkhabadi, Yan Gu, Wenlong Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


This paper introduces a new invariant extended Kalman filter design that produces real-time state estimates and rapid error convergence for the estimation of the human body movement even in the presence of sensor misalignment and initial state estimation errors. The filter fuses the data returned by an inertial measurement unit (IMU) attached to the body (e.g., pelvis or chest) and a virtual measurement of zero stance-foot velocity (i.e., leg odometry). The key novelty of the proposed filter lies in that its process model meets the group affine property while the filter explicitly addresses the IMU placement error by formulating its stochastic process model as Brownian motions and incorporating the error in the leg odometry. Although the measurement model is imperfect (i.e., it does not possess an invariant observation form) and thus its linearization relies on the state estimate, experimental results demonstrate fast convergence of the proposed filter (within 0.2 seconds) during squatting motions even under significant IMU placement inaccuracy and initial estimation errors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781665451963
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2022Jun 10 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Conference2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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