Interpersonal rigidity and complementarity

Terence Tracey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The relations among behavioral complementarity, interpersonal rigidity, as indicated by the Interpersonal Adjective Checklist (IAS, Wiggins, 1995) vector score, and interpersonal distress, as indicated by the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP, Horowitz, Rosenberg, Baer, Ureno, & Villasenor, 1988), were examined in two studies. In Study 1, 214 undergraduates viewed videotapes depicting different interactions and then provided their responses. In Study 2, 122 undergraduates interacted in randomly paired dyads on a mutual task. These interactions were videotaped and the interchanges were rated using the Interpersonal Communication Ratings Scale (ICRS, Strong, Hills, & Nelson, 1988). The extent to which each participant demonstrated complementary behavior was determined. Results of the studies demonstrated support for interpersonal rigidity as related to complementarity and as a moderator of the adaptability of behavior. Further complementarity was a mediator in the behavioral rigidity-interpersonal distress relation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-614
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • Complementarity
  • Dyadic interaction
  • Flexibility
  • Interpersonal circumplex
  • Rigidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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