International Business: Geographic Aspects

Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen, Torsten Schunder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This article provides an overview of the evolution of understanding multinational enterprise (MNE) activities. Between World War II and the late 1990s, there was a major focus on understanding foreign direct investment (FDI) by MNEs. In the past 20 years, recognition of commodity chains, value chains, and production networks at the global scale has prompted researchers to develop new frameworks to incorporate the complexity of MNE operations spanning many countries and industries. This article explicitly recognizes geography as a key factor (e.g., location determinants, local impact, role of policy).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Development
  • Emerging market multinationals
  • Foreign direct investment
  • Geography
  • Global production networks
  • Global value chains
  • Internalization advantages
  • International business
  • Location factors
  • Multinational corporations
  • Ownership advantages
  • Transnational corporations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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