Interleukin 4-inducible phosphorylation of HMG-I(Y) is inhibited by rapamycin

Ding Zhi Wang, Philip Ray, Mark Boothby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The non-histone chromosomal protein HMG-I(Y) participates in repression of transcription directed by a promoter which confers interleukin 4 (IL-4)- inducible activation in transfected B cell lines. Metabolic labeling, phosphoamino acid analyses, and in vitro phosphorylation studies demonstrate that IL-4 induces serine phosphorylation of HMG-I(Y) in B lymphocytes. Phosphopeptide mapping shows that the predominant site of phosphorylation contains a casein kinase II consensus motif. The immunosuppressive agent rapamycin has been shown preferentially to inhibit IgE production by IL-4- treated human B cells. It is shown here that rapamycin inhibits both activation of the human germ line ε promoter by IL-4 and IL-4-inducible phosphorylation of HMG-I(Y). These findings demonstrate a rapamycin-sensitive pathway that transduces signals from the IL-4 receptor to nuclear factors that regulate inducible transcription. The affinity of normal nuclear HMG- I(Y) for DNA is increased by dephosphorylation in vitro, whereas in vitro kinase reactions using casein kinase II decrease recombinant HMG-I(Y) binding to DNA. These data further suggest a novel mechanism in which phosphorylation triggered by IL-4 or other cytokines could regulate the effects of HMG-I(Y) on gene transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22924-22932
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number39
StatePublished - Sep 29 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Interleukin 4-inducible phosphorylation of HMG-I(Y) is inhibited by rapamycin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this