Interfacial energy balance equation for surface-tension-driven bénard convection

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8 Scopus citations


Existing theories for the surface-tension-driven Bénard convection (Marangoni convection) have considered only thermocapillary effects through the shear stress balance equation at the interface via the surface-tension-gradient-induced shear stresses. Thermocapillary induced surface energy variation has been ignored altogether in these theories. A formulation taking into account this surface energy variation shows that it can have a non-negligible effect on the onset of Bénard convection cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4395-4397
Number of pages3
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 9 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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