Interactive team cognition

Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher W. Myers, Jasmine L. Duran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

334 Scopus citations


Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team cognition. Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) theory posits that (1) team cognition is an activity, not a property or a product; (2) team cognition should be measured and studied at the team level; and (3) team cognition is inextricably tied to context. There are implications of ITC for theory building, modeling, measurement, and applications that make teams more effective performers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-285
Number of pages31
JournalCognitive Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Communication
  • Dynamical systems
  • Interaction
  • Shared cognition
  • Team cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


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