Interaction Between Liquid Steel and AlN Substrate Containing Al-Y-Oxides

Yan Luo, Ming Li, Piotr R. Scheller, Seetharaman Sridhar, Lifeng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Reactions between molten iron, molten silicon steel, and ceramic materials are of great importance from the perspective of the corrosion of refractory material in the steelmaking and continuous casting processes. Reactions between liquid steel and aluminum nitride (AlN) substrate containing Al-Y-oxides were investigated using the sessile drop method at 1833 K (1560 °C). The liquid–substrate interface was observed with the increasing holding time, and the reaction mechanism was studied. In the case of the liquid iron and the silicon steel on the AlN substrate containing Al-Y-oxides, the reaction products on the steel side of the interface between the steel and the substrate were Al-rich Al-Y-oxides and Al2O3 particles. For silicon steel and pure AlN substrate, Al2O3 particles were the main products. Contact angles were lower for liquid iron than for silicon steel due to the higher oxygen content in iron. In addition, the solid–liquid interfacial tension and the work of adhesion between AlN and steel were measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2459-2470
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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