Initial beamforming for mmWave communications

Vip Desai, Lukasz Krzymien, Philippe Sartori, Weimin Xiao, Anthony Soong, Ahmed Alkhateeb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

87 Scopus citations


Cellular systems were designed for carrier frequencies in the microwave band (below 3 GHz) but will soon be operating in frequency bands up to 6 GHz. To meet the ever increasing demands for data, deployments in bands above 6 GHz, and as high as 75 GHz, are envisioned. However, as these systems migrate beyond the microwave band, certain channel characteristics can impact their deployment, especially the coverage range. To increase coverage, beamforming can be used but this role of beamforming is different than in current cellular systems, where its primary role is to improve data throughput. Because cellular procedures enable beamforming after a user establishes access with the system, new procedures are needed to enable beamforming during cell discovery and acquisition. This paper discusses several issues that must be resolved in order to use beamforming for access at millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies, and presents solutions for initial access. Several approaches are verified by computer simulations, and it is shown that reliable network access and satisfactory coverage can be achieved in mmWave frequencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record of the 48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
EditorsMichael B. Matthews
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479982974
StatePublished - Apr 24 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2015 - Pacific Grove, United States
Duration: Nov 2 2014Nov 5 2014

Publication series

NameConference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
ISSN (Print)1058-6393


Other48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPacific Grove


  • beamforming
  • initial access
  • millimeter wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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