Vaccination with turkey herpesvirus (HVT) of 18-day-old chicken embryos from a commercial source or from a cross (15 X 7) of two inbred lines induced better protection against early post-hatch challenge with virulent Marek's disease virus (MDV) than vaccination at hatch, despite the presence in embryos of maternally derived antibodies to HVT or to HVT and MDV. However, 50%-protective-dose (PD50) assays revealed that maternal antibodies in embryos reduced vaccine efficacy. The PD50 assays were conducted by vaccinating 15 X 7 embryos with serial dilutions of HVT at the 18th day of incubation. Embryonally vaccinated and unvaccinated chicks were challenged with MDV on the day of hatch. In the absence of maternal antibodies, the PD50 values in plaque-forming units for cell-associated and cell-free HVT were 57 and 328, respectively. In the presence of maternal antibodies, PD50 values for cell-associated and cell-free HVT were 105 and greater than 4,000, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology
- General Immunology and Microbiology