Influence of current velocity and wind speed on air-water gas exchange in a mangrove estuary

David T. Ho, Nathalie Coffineau, Benjamin Hickman, Nicholas Chow, Tobias Koffman, Peter Schlosser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Knowledge of air-water gas transfer velocities and water residence times is necessary to study the fate of mangrove derived carbon exported into surrounding estuaries and ultimately to determine carbon balances in mangrove ecosystems. For the first time, the 3He/SF6 dual tracer technique, which has been proven to be a powerful tool to determine gas transfer velocities in the ocean, is applied to Shark River, an estuary situated in the largest contiguous mangrove forest in North America. The mean gas transfer velocity was 3.3 ± 0.2 cm h-1 during the experiment, with a water residence time of 16.5 ± 2.0 days. We propose a gas exchange parameterization that takes into account the major sources of turbulence in the estuary (i.e., bottom generated shear and wind stress).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3813-3821
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 28 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • He/SF
  • gas transfer velocity
  • mangrove estuary
  • residence time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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