Induction of antitumor immunity after cure of pulmonary metastases, using staphylococcal enterotoxin B and bispecific antibody

David C. Rice, Andrei I. Chapoval, Louis Porter, Heidi Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The combination of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) and anti-p97 x anti-CD3 bispecific antibody (bsAb) cures 60%-80% of mice with established pulmonary metastases of the syngeneic p97+ murine melanoma, CL62. We investigated the ability of cured mice to generate protective antitumor immunity. In tumor rechallenge experiments, CL62-cured mice developed protective immunity against rechallenge with CL62. The majority of mice also rejected the p97-negative parental cell line, K1735, indicating an immune response to tumor antigens common to both cell lines that were not bsAb- targeted. A significant humoral response developed against p97 antigen, but not against other antigens common to both CL62 and K1735. That the majority of cured mice nevertheless rejected K1735 suggests that tumor immunity is not antibody-dependent. Evidence of cellular immunity was obtained from the results of delayed-type hypersensitivity, proliferation and cytotoxicity assays, which revealed the presence of tumor-specific memory in bsAb-treated, CL62-cured mice. CD8+ T cells from cured, but not control mice were able to lyse tumor; however, memory CD4 cells had no cytolytic function. In vivo, however, both CD4 and CD8 T cells were required for effective protective immunity. These studies demonstrate that treatment with SEB and bsAb not only confers passive immune effects of tumor eradication, but also actively promotes the generation of a host antitumor immune response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-238
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Bispecific antibodies
  • Immunotherapy
  • Superantigens
  • T lymphocyte
  • Tumor immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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