In-Plane Shape-Deviation Modeling and Compensation for Fused Deposition Modeling Processes

Andi Wang, Suoyuan Song, Qiang Huang, Fugee Tsung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Additive manufacturing (AM) or 3-D printing refers to a new class of technologies that actively construct products directly from any 3-D digital model. In the future, the broader applications of AM will require a cost reduction of AM machines. Currently, the products fabricated by low-end machines, such as those fabricated using fused deposition modeling (FDM) processes, suffer from the issue of low dimensional accuracy due to multiple error sources. To properly manage error sources for improved prevision, this paper proposes a novel strategy for error compensation in the FDM processes. First, we consecutively attribute the dimensional inaccuracy to two major error sources that affect the geometric shape of the product: 1) positioning error of the extruder and 2) shape deformation induced by processing error, including material phase change and other variations that occur. The extruder positioning error is characterized by a Kriging model, while the modeling of shape deformation due to processing error follows the method developed by Huang et al. Second, using error equivalence concept, we transform the positioning error into the equivalent amount of design input error. Finally, we adjust the design to compensate for the overall shape deviation. To validate this strategy, we conduct a designed experiment for the shape deviation prediction and the compensation. The experimental results successfully demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed three-step strategy to manage multiple error sources in the FDM processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7460927
Pages (from-to)968-976
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Fused deposition modeling (FDM)
  • shape deviation compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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