Impacts of grants and contracts on academic researchers' interactions with industry

Barry Bozeman, Monica Gaughan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


Based on a representative national sample of 1564 academic researchers, we investigate the impacts of research grants and contracts on the nature and extent of faculty research and technology activities with industry. A particular focus is on understanding the independent contributions of industry and government grant sources on levels of industrial involvement. In addition to examining the source of grants, the study controls for a number of independent factors including: scientific field, research center affiliation, tenure status, and gender. Results suggest independent effects of grants and contracts on industrial activities. Grants and contracts from industry have a significant effect on academic researchers' propensity to work with industry, as measured by an "industrial involvement scale." Federally-sponsored grants also have an impact in increasing work with industry, but a more moderate one. Further, those with more grants and contracts (of each type) have a greater propensity for industrial involvement than those who have such contracts but fewer. This holds even when proxies for productivity and career stage are introduced in regression equations. The analysis also considers whether provision of grants and contracts is best viewed as a predictor of industrial involvement or just another type of industrial involvement using factor analysis and nested multivariate modeling to compare effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-707
Number of pages14
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Government grants
  • Industrial involvement
  • Industry grants
  • University research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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