Impact of telecommuting on spatial and temporal patterns of household travel

Ram M. Pendyala, Konstadinos G. Goulias, Ryuichi Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations


A spatial and temporal analysis of travel diary data collected during the State of California Telecommuting Pilot Project is performed to determine the impacts of telecommuting on household travel behavior. The analysis is based on geocoded trip data where missing trips and trip attributes have been augmented to the extent possible. The results confirm the earlier finding that the Pilot Project telecommuters substantially reduced travel; on telecommuting days, the telecommuters made virtually no commute trips, reduced peak-period trips by 60%, total distance traveled by 75%, and freeway miles by 90%. The spatial analysis of the trip records has shown that the telecommuters chose non-work destinations that are closer to home; they exhibited contracted action spaces after the introduction of telecommuting. Importantly, this contraction took place on both telecommuting days and commuting days. The telecommuters distributed their trips, over the day and avoided peak-period travel on telecommuting days. Non-work trips, however, show similar patterns of temporal distribution on telecommuting days and commuting days. Non-work trips continued to be made during the lunch period and late afternoon and evening hours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-409
Number of pages27
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • action space
  • impact assessment
  • panel survey
  • spatial analysis
  • telecommuting
  • temporal distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Development
  • Transportation


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