Image-based procedural modeling of facades

Pascal Müller, Gang Zeng, Peter Wonka, Luc Van Gool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Scopus citations


This paper describes algorithms to automatically derive 3D models of high visual quality from single facade images of arbitrary resolutions. We combine the procedural modeling pipeline of shape grammars with image analysis to derive a meaningful hierarchical facade subdivision. Our system gives rise to three exciting applications: urban reconstruction based on low resolution oblique aerial imagery, reconstruction of facades based on higher resolution ground-based imagery, and the automatic derivation of shape grammar rules from facade images to build a rule base for procedural modeling technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1276484
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 29 2007


  • Architecture
  • Design computation
  • Image-based modeling
  • Procedural modeling
  • Urban reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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