Identification of a phylogenetically conserved Sug1 CAD family member that is differentially expressed in the mouse nervous system

Danhui Sun, Jonathan C. Swaffield, Stephen Albert Johnston, Carolanne E. Milligan, R. Thomas Zoeller, Lawrence M. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We have isolated a cDNA clone from mouse, m56, that encodes a member of the Conserved ATPase-containing Domain (CAD) protein family. Sequence analysis revealed that m56 is identical to mouse mSug1/FZA-B and shares high homology with human Trip1, moth 18-56, and yeast Sug1. When examined, Sug1- like CAD proteins appear to function in the regulation of the 26S proteasome, as well as associate with members of the steroid/thyroid receptor superfamily and other transcriptional activators, m56 can complement the lethal phenotype of loss of SUG1 in yeast. We have examined the tissue distribution of m56 using Northern and Western blots, in addition to immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. While m56 was expressed in all tissues and cells examined, several classes of neurons, most notably in the hippocampus, olfactory bulb, and cerebellum, displayed elevated levels of m56 mRNA and protein. We also examined distribution of RNA polymer use II and 26S proteasome subunit 4 (S4) within the mouse brain by in situ hybridization. While all three genes had similar patterns of expression, there were significant differences among them. In moths, the expression of the Sug1 homolog 18-56 is dramatically up-regulated during programmed cell death. In addition, it has been previously demonstrated that the proteasome plays an essential role in the regulation of apoptosis in mammals. We examined the expression of m56 in mouse during natural and induced cell death in a variety of tissues and found no significant changes in expression. Taken together, the data presented here suggest that while m56 is a highly conserved gene that presumably plays essential but complex roles in basal and developmental processes, it may not represent a rate-limiting step in these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)877-890
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoptosis
  • CAD proteins
  • Hippocampus
  • In situ hybridization
  • Programmed cell death
  • Proteasome
  • RNA polymerase II
  • Sug1
  • Ubiquitin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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