How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting? A national survey

Steve Graham, Karen R. Harris, Linda Mason, Barbara Fink-Chorzempa, Susan Moran, Bruce Saddler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


A random sample of primary grade teachers from across the United States was surveyed about their instructional practices in handwriting. Nine out of every ten teachers indicated that they taught handwriting, averaging 70 minutes of instruction per week. Only 12% of teachers, however, indicated that the education courses taken in college adequately prepared them to teach handwriting. Despite this lack of formal preparation, the majority of teachers used a variety of recommended instructional practices for teaching handwriting. The application of such practices, though, was applied unevenly, raising concerns about the quality of handwriting instruction for all children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-69
Number of pages21
JournalReading and Writing
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Handwriting
  • Instruction
  • Teacher preparation
  • Teachers
  • Writing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


Dive into the research topics of 'How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting? A national survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this