Home Environment and Self-Efficacy Beliefs among Native American, African American, and Latino Adolescents

Robert H. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context helps determine what individuals experience in the settings they inhabit. Context also helps determine the likelihood that those experiences will promote adaptive development. Theory suggests likely interplay between various aspects of home context and development of ideas about self that influence patterns of development for children. This study addressed relations between two aspects of home life (companionship and investment, modeling and encouragement) and three types of self-efficacy beliefs (enlisting social resources, independent learning, self-regulatory behavior) considered important for long-term adaptive functioning. The study focused on three groups of minority adolescents (Native American, African American, Latino). Relations were examined using regression models that also included four aspects of household risk that often hinder the development of self-efficacy. Although findings varied somewhat across the three groups, significant relations emerged between the two domains of home life examined and self-efficacy beliefs in all three groups, even controlling for overall household risk. Companionship and investment appeared particularly relevant for African American adolescents, while modeling and encouragement appeared particularly relevant for Native American adolescents. Both were relevant for Latino adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-430
Number of pages13
JournalFamily Process
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Adolescence
  • Family Relationships
  • Family Risk
  • Home Environment
  • Minority
  • Modeling
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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