History of violence as a predictor of HIV risk among multiethnic, urban youth in the Southwest

Flavio Marsiglia, Tanya Nieri, Elizabeth Valdez, Maria Gurrola, Catherine Marrs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This community-based exploratory study examined the effects of a history of violence, ethnic identification, and acculturation status on HIV risk among a majority Latino sample of youth living in a large metropolitan area of the Southwest in the United States. The participants reported high rates of violence and attitudes that put them at risk for HIV/AIDS infection. They participated in one of two prevention interventions offered by a local non-governmental organization. The first intervention was tailored for adjudicated youth (N=49) who were either institutionalized or returning to the community after involvement with the criminal justice system. The second intervention targeted youth (N=32) who were homeless/runaway and/or self-identified as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender (GLBT). T-tests and linear regression were used to determine the differences between youth reporting a history of violence by type of perpetrator, its relationship with HIV risk, and the role of ethnic identification and acculturation status as potential protective factors. Violence by a family member was the most common type of violence reported, with a history of violence positively related to HIV risk. Ethnic identification and linguistic acculturation had a protective effect against HIV risk among the homeless and GLBT youth but not among the adjudicated youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-165
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Adjudicated youth
  • GLBT
  • Homeless/runaway
  • Violence
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)


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